Magnesium in Review

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MagnesiumGraphMagnesium is the second most abundant mineral in the body and is involved in more than 600 enzymatic reactions, yet three out of four Americans consume too little of this mineral. Researchers at the Radboud University Medical Center in The Netherlands reviewed the research on magnesium and found this mineral is critical for energy metabolism and protein synthesis in all tissues. It plays a critical role in the brain, heart, and skeletal muscles and functions in the prevention and treatment of numerous disorders, from preeclampsia, migraine, and depression to coronary artery disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, and asthma. Not only are diets typically low in this mineral and several genetic defects can lead to a deficiency, but certain types of drugs also cause hypomagnesemia, including diuretics, proton pump inhibitors, and more.

Magnesium intake is inversely related to metabolic syndrome, state researchers at Yeouido St. Mary’s Hospital College of Medicine in Korea.

DeBaaij J, Hoenderop J, Bindels R: Magnesium in man: Implications for health and disease. Physiology Reviews 2015;95:1-46.

Ju S, Choi W, Ock S, et al: Dietary magnesium intake and metabolic syndrome in the adult population. Nutrients 2014;6:6005-6019.

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