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High Nutrient Foods1 Vitamin D supplementation increased muscle-specific vitamin D receptors and increased muscle fiber size by 10% in older women, in a study from Tufts Medical Center in Boston. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2013;October 9th. 

2 Researchers at Harvard Medical School argue that Alzheimer’s disease might be prevented by 1) limiting intake of iron in red and processed meats, 2) increasing the intake of chlorophyll-derived magnesium, and 3) increasing intake of foods rich in polyphenolic compounds. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2013;7:735.

3 A high-fat diet combined with low intake of magnesium increases the risk for insulin resistance and diabetes, according to a study from the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Clinical Nutrition 2013;October 16th. 

4 Risk for developing esophageal cancer decreases as consumption of colorful fruits and vegetables increases, state researchers at Curtin University in Perth, Australia. Diseases of the Esophagus 2013;October 23rd. 

5 A diet that contains meat and other acidic foods causes an acid load in the body associated with a higher risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study from the Center for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health in Paris. Diabetologia 2013;November 11th. 

6 People who follow a heart-healthy diet and lifestyle also benefit by improving bone density and lowering risk for osteoporosis, according to a study from Tufts University. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2013;98:1309-1316.

7 Seniors boost brain function when they include daily aerobic activity in their lives, according to a study from the Center for Brainhealth at the University of Texas, Dallas. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2013;November 12th.

8 People’s risk for having a heart attack goes up as their body weight increases, even if they appear otherwise “healthy,” according to a study from the University of Copenhagen. JAMA Internal Medicine 2013;November 11th. 

9 A combination supplement of red yeast rice, policosanols, and artichoke leaf extracts lowered LDL-cholesterol in patients with hypercholesterolemia in a study from Laboratoire Lescuyer in Aytre, France. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 2013;64:882-889.

10 Vitamin D supplementation reduced the symptoms of bronchial asthma in children, in a study from Rao Tula Ram Memorial Hospital in New Delhi, India. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2013;November 6th. 

11 The more physically active women are, the lower their risk for developing Crohn’s disease, according to a study from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. British Medical Journal 2013;347:f6633.

12 Supplementation with 50,000 Units of vitamin D3 every month throughout the winter is effective in white athletes to maintain blood vitamin D levels of more than 80 nmol, as long as those blood levels are optimal to begin with, says researchers at the English Institute of Sport in Bath, UK. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2013;47:e4. 

13 Elevated homocysteine levels lowered memory, while vitamin B supplementation might be warranted to mitigate the disabling impact on cognition, according to researchers at the University of Western Australia in Perth. Journal of Affective Disorders 2013;151:646-651.

14 In a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, researchers found that 1,640 IU of vitamin D daily was required to reach recommended blood levels of the vitamin in African Americans, and 4,000 IU was needed to reach levels estimated to lower cancer and heart disease risk. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2013;December 24th. 

15 People who remain physically active as they age have a lower risk for depression, dementia, cancer, heart disease, and diabetes, state researchers at University College London. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2014;48:239-243.

16 A daily multi-vitamin with selenium helps lower the risk that untreated people with the AIDS virus will get sicker in the following two years, state researchers at Florida International University in Miami. Journal of the American Medical Association 2013;310:2154-2163.

17 Cognitive function is compromised when people are overweight or obese, but improves somewhat following bariatric surgery, according to a study from Kent State University. Obesity 2014;22:32-38

18 More than 90% of Americans – kids, teens, and adults – consume too much salt, increasing the risk for high blood pressure, the leading cause of heart attack and stroke, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2013;December 20th. 

19 Results from a study on rats in India found that diets enriched with vitamin B12 and the omega-3 fat DHA improved synaptic plasticity and cognition, which has been shown in previous studies to enhance mental health and prevent neurocognitive disorders. Brain Development 2014;January 10th. 

20 Vitamin D supplementation might be an effective adjunct therapy in the treatment of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease), state researchers at York University in Toronto. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 2014;20:101-111.

21 Cranberries are rich in A-type proanthocyanidins, which might explain their effectiveness in treating/preventing urinary tract infections and possibly heart disease, according to a review of studies from researchers at Tufts University. Advances in Nutrition 2013;4:618-632.

22 Lycopene, a carotenoid found in watermelon, might lower breast cancer risk, according to a study from Nakamura Gakuen University in Japan. Cancer Science 2014;January 8th.

23 Frequent consumption of chocolate containing at least 70% cocoa powder increased HDL-cholesterol and lowered inflammation in a study from the University of Tor Vergata in Rome. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2013;17:2257-2266.

24 In a study from Maastricht University in The Netherlands, researchers found a large percentage of children and adults over the age of 40-years were deficient in vitamin K and would benefit from supplementation. Food & Function 2013; December 2nd.

25Researchers at the University of Sherbrooke, Quebec report that the omega-3 fats protect against stress-induced damage to brain centers, such as the hippocampus that regulates memory. Nutrition Reviews 2014;January 13th.

26 Quinoa is gluten-free and a healthy inclusion in the diet for people with celiac disease or gluten intolerance, state researchers at King’s College in London. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2014;January 21st. 

27 Seniors who follow a traditional Mediterranean diet have a low risk for developing painful narrowing of the arteries in the legs, state researchers at the University of Navarra in Spain. Journal of the American Medical Association 2014;January 22nd.

28 Dietary fats associated with heart disease also might contribute to muscle loss as women age, state researchers at University of East Anglia, UK. Journal of Nutrition 2014;January 8th.

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