Hot Topics: September 2016

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  1. A study from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Chapel Hill, North Carolina reports that antioxidant supplements, such as vitamins C and E, provide some protection against air pollution-induced adverse health effects, especially in people with pre-existing respiratory and heart disease. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 2016; May 14th.
  2.  In a review of studies, researchers at Duke University School of Medicine conclude that co-enzyme Q10 is an effective and safe addition to the treatment of heart failure. Circulation: Heart Failure 2016; April;9(4):e002639.
  3.  The combination of blueberry juice and probiotics might help protect the liver from damage in patients with alcoholic fatty liver, according to a study on mice at Suzhou University in the People’s Republic of China. Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2016;10:1649-1661.
  4.  A probiotic rinse was effective in reducing oral C. albicans (a form of yeast) counts after one week of intervention, while herbal oral rinses were least effective. Probiotic oral rinses have opened new horizons in improvement of oral health by maintaining healthy ecosystem, state the researchers at UP Rural Institute of Medical Sciences and Research in India. International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 2016;9:25-30.
  5.  The Current Dietary Reference Intakes for zinc are not adequate, since the percentage of zinc absorption has been overestimated, meaning people need to consume more in order to reach acceptable tissue levels, state researchers at Purdue University in Indiana. The Journal of Nutrition 2016;146:1276-1280.
  6.  Nitrate-rich vegetables, such as spinach and beets, raise blood nitrate and blood pressure levels and should be used as dietary nitrate supplements in the treatment of hypertension, state researchers at Maastricht University in The Netherlands. The Journal of Nutrition 2016;146:986-993.
  7.  Adults who consume more than 10% of their total calories from added sugar are most likely to not meet optimal intakes for vitamins and minerals, state researchers at the University of Wollongong in Australia. Nutrition 2016; March 2nd.
  8.  No surprise here: The more often teenagers eat take-out food, the less likely they are to consume fruits and vegetables, state researchers at the University of Sydney. British Journal of Nutrition 2016; 115:2025-2030.
  9.  One in five U.S. military service members are too fat to fight, according to a study from San Diego State University. Obesity 2016;24:1582-1589.
  10.  A combination of potassium and vitamin C reduced breast cancer cell growth in vitro in a study from the University of Rome, Italy. Oncology Letters 2016;11:4224-4234.
  11.   Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) consumed diets low in omega-3s, beta carotene, and vitamins B6, B12, and E, in a study from the Universite Paris-Sud, France. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2016; June 10th.
  12.  It is lifestyle choices, not genetics, that is the primary culprit for America’s obesity epidemic, according to a study from the University of California, San Francisco. Journal of the American Medical Association 2016; July 5th.
  13.  Chemotherapy for breast cancer seriously affects a woman’s dietary intake, significantly lowering her intake of fruits, vegetables and nutrients, such as calcium, iron, magnesium, B vitamins, vitamin C, and zinc, according to a study from Federal University of Uberlandia in Brazil. PLoS Medicine 2016; June 16th.
  14.  High intake of nitrates from drinking water and diet increase a woman’s risk for bladder cancer, state researchers at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda. Environmental Health Perspectives 2016; June 3rd.
  15. Optimal dietary intake of carotenoids, including alpha and beta carotene, beta cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, and lycopene, lower breast cancer risk, according to a study from Jeju National University School of Medicine in Korea. Epidemiology and Health 2016; June 2nd.
  16.  Calorie restriction without malnutrition slows aging, increases lifespan, and reduces the incidence of disease such as cancer and heart disease in both humans and primates, state researchers at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2016; 20:2468-2473.
  17.  Curcumin, ginsenosides, lycopene, homoharringtonine, aviscumine, and resveratrol are some of the major phytonutrients with ample evidence indicating their direct anticancer activities in different types of cancer, including hepatocarcinoma, prostate cancer, leukemia and lymphoma, breast and ovarian cancer, and gastrointestinal cancers, state researchers at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Current Pharmaceutical Design 2016; May 31st.
  18.  The neuroinflammation and altered metabolism of glucose noted with consumption of a high-fat diet in early life produced behavioral and cognitive problems in a study on animals at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Pschoneuroendocrinology 2016; 72:22-33.
  19.  Researchers at Rush University in Chicago reviewed the research on diet and dementia and concluded there is strong evidence for the preventive effects of vitamin E, the B vitamins, and the omega-3 fats DHA and EPA and harmful effects from saturated fats. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2016;1367:31-37.
  20. The more varied people’s diets, the less likely they are to experience cognitive decline as they age, state researchers at the National Institute for Longevity Sciences in Aichi, Japan. Geriatrics & Gerontology International 2016; July 5th. Vitamin A is essential for the development and maintenance of neuroplasticity in the brain’s memory center, the hippocampus, state researchers at the University of Aberdeen, who warn that a vitamin A deficiency has damaging effects on learning and memory. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 2016;115:98-108.
  21. The omega-3 fat DHA reduced lung metastasis in breast cancer and inhibited proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells in a study from Chungnam National University in the Republic of Korea. Oncotarget 2016;June 23rd.
  22. Women who took omega-3 DHA supplements (600 milligrams/day) during their pregnancies gave birth to babies who showed high levels of sustained attention during the first year of life, in a study from the University of Kansas Medical Center. Pediatric Research 2016; June 30th.
  23. Seniors with heart disease and COPD are low in vitamin D and should be supplementing with the vitamin, state researchers at The Third Military Medical University in the People’s Republic of China. International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 2016;11:1359-1365.
  24. Placing banners with cartoon characters of vegetables around school cafeteria salad bars prompted kids to eat more veggies in a study from Cornell University. Pediatrics 2016; July 5th.
  25. Vitamin E might help slow the progression of osteoarthritis, state researchers at First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University in China. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 2016;12:18-22.
  26. Coffee consumption was linked to longer telomeres in women, a sign of increased longevity, in a study from the National Cancer Institute. The Journal of Nutrition 2016;146:1373-1378.
  27. A high-sugar/high-fat diet produced structural and chemical changes in the memory center of the brains in rats, suggesting a possible link to dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, in a study from ShanXi Medical University in China. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging 2016;20:509-513.
  28. Diets rich in poly- and mono-unsaturated fats, fiber, folic acid, and vitamins E, B6, and B12 were associated with a lower risk for heart disease, in a study from Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome 2016; June 14th.
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