Hot Topics: Nov/Dec 2014

  1. Iron supplementation during infancy results in greater adaptive behavior by age 10-years-old, which would improve school performance and work, mental health, and personal relationships, state researchers at the University of Michigan. Journal of Nutrition 2014;144:838-845.
  2. L-carnitine supplementation reduces the risk for heart failure, the damage from a heart attack, and the severity of ventricular arrhythmias, as well as improving survival from heart disease, state researchers at Saint Luke’s Hospital in Kansas City. Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine 2014;15:52-62.
  3. Curcumin, the spice in turmeric that gives it the bright yellow color, is a promising anti-tumor agent since it reduces cancer cell growth and encourages cancer cell death (apoptosis),
    according to a study from West China Hospital. Die Pharmazie 2014;69:229-233.
  4. Type 2 diabetics who consume high-salt diets have twice the risk of developing cardiovascular disease compared to those who consume low-sodium diets, according to researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. Researchers at Tufts University estimate that every year 1.65 million cardiovascular deaths result from high-salt diets worldwide. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2014;July 22nd/New England Journal of Medicine 2014;371:624.
  5. Elementary school kids appear to be satisfied with the healthier school lunches being offered as part of the new USDA’s National School Lunch Program, state researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Childhood Obesity 2014;10:349-356.
  6. Soft drinks and sports beverages are acidic enough to cause permanent damage to tooth enamel, report researchers at the University of Adelaide in Australia. Journal of Dentistry 2014;August 5th.
  7. Adults who abuse alcohol are more than twice as likely to develop severe memory problems later in life, according to a study from the University of Exeter Medical School in England. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2014;July 30th.
  8. People who are overweight and work in manufacturing jobs have endurance times that are up to 60% less than that of healthy weight employees. Being overweight was associated with less strength, increased discomfort, and declines in task performance, according to studies from Texas A&M University in College Station, TX. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 2014;11:583-590/Applied Ergonomics 2014;July 31st.
  9. A study from Saban Research Institute, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles found that alcohol consumption during pregnancy negatively changes how a child’s brain signaling develops during childhood and the teen years, long after being exposed to alcohol in the womb. Cerebral Cortex 2014;August 4th.
  10. Overweight and obese preschoolers show risk factors for heart disease and diabetes, according to a study from Bambino Gesu Children’s Hospital in Italy. JAMA Pediatrics 2014;August 11th.
  11. Regular vigorous exercise lowers breast cancer risk in older women, according to a study from the Institute Gustave Roussy in France. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2014;August 11th.
  12. The U.S. is the only country experiencing a decrease in colorectal cancer incidence, despite increasing prevalence of major risk factors for this disease, and the decline appears to be at least partially a result of folic acid fortification, state researchers at Harvard School of Public Health. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2014;46:S65-S72.
  13. Women who regularly consume instant noodles (think Top Ramen) are at highest risk for heart disease, state researchers at Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital, who speculate that the link might result from increased body weight or the chemical bisphenol A or BPA used in packaging the noodles in Styrofoam containers. Journal of Nutrition 2014;144:1247.
  14. Aerobically and physically fit children have greater brain power and superior cognition compared to less-fit peers, according to a study from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2014; August19th.
  15. The risk for colorectal cancer decreases by 9% for every 300 milligrams increase in calcium intake up to and possibly beyond 1,000 milligrams a day, state researchers at Harvard School of Public Health. International Journal of Cancer 2014;135:1940-1948.
  16. A national survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that one in every five Americans consumes at least one soft drink a day. That number jumps to 32% in some states, such as Mississippi. One 12-ounce soft drink exceeds the recommended total daily sugar intake for women by 33%. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2014; August 15th.
  17. People who are obese between the ages of 30- and 39-years-old have a 3.5 times greater risk for developing dementia later in life compared to people who are fit and lean during those years, according to a study from the University of Oxford. Postgraduate Medical Journal 2014;August 20th.
  18. Engaging in leisure-time physical activity lowers endometrial cancer risk, with the risk lowering as women increase activity from zero to 15 hours per week, state researchers at Harvard School of Public Health. International Journal of Cancer 2014;135:682-694.
  19. Being overweight or obese is associated with brain atrophy, white matter changes, disturbances of blood-brain barrier integrity, and risk of all-cause late-onset dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, state researchers at Radboud University Medical Center in The Netherlands. Lancet: Neurology 2014;13:913-923.
  20. Teens do not have to be super thin to have an eating disorder, state researchers at the University of Melbourne in Australia. A more accurate measure is rapid weight loss even when the child remains at a “normal” weight. Pediatrics 2014;August 25th.
    A lifetime of being physically active slows the aging process, according to a study from Brown University. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 2014; 22:576-585.
  21. A spinach extract containing green leaf membranes called thylakoids decreases hunger and increases weight loss, according to a study from Lund University in Sweden. Appetite 2014;81:295.
  22. In a review of 50 studies including almost 7,300 people, researchers at McMaster University in Ontario found that any diet works, whether it is low-fat or low-carb, if a person sticks to it. Journal of the American Medical Association 2014;312:923.

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