Hot Topics: March 2016

  1. 21802392_s Excess belly fat increases the risk for inflammation, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes even in people who are otherwise at a normal weight, according to a study from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, New York. Annals of Internal Medicine 2015; November 10th.
  2.  Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk for skin cancer, according to a study from Brown University in Rhode Island. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015;102:s1158-s1166.
  3.  Anthocyanins from aronia fruits (also called chokeberries) are nutrients also found in blueberries. In a study from Hokkaido University in Japan, these substances suppressed visceral fat accumulation and hyperglycemia in obese rats fed high-fat diets. Journal of Oleo Science 2015; November 19th.
  4.  When a food is described as “healthy,” people eat more and say they feel less full, regardless of the actual nutritional value of the food, according to a study from Cornell University.  The Journal of the Association for Consumer Research 2015; December 28th.
  5.  Drinking sugary beverages, from sodas and energy drinks to bottled teas, leads to increased abdominal fat gain, a type of fat associated with diabetes and heart disease, state researchers at the National Institutes of Health. Circulation 2016; January 11th.
  6.  Supplementing with nitrate (NO3), or possibly ingesting nitrate-rich beet juice, enhances maximal muscle power in trained athletes, according to a study from the University of Utah. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 2015; December 2nd.
  7.  Nine out of ten kids and 89% of adults consume far too much salt, increasing their risk for high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke, state researchers at The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. Morbidity and Mortality Report 2016; January 7th.
  8.  People eat more food when it is labeled “healthy,” undermining their efforts to cut calories and eat healthier, according to a study from the University of Texas. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research 2016; January 5th.
  9.  Being fit doesn’t protect against disease if a person is still overweight, according to a study from Umea University in Sweden. International Journal of Epidemiology 2015; December 21st.
  10.  Researchers at the Imperial College London report that diets rich in saturated fatty foods (i.e., red meat, fatty dairy products, certain processed foods) are associated with a higher incidence of ovarian cancer. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016;103:161-167.
  11.  If people worldwide were to cut back on saturated and trans fats and eat healthier fats, such as the omega-3s in seafood and the monounsaturated fats in olive oil, there could be more than a million fewer deaths from heart disease, state researchers at Tufts University in Boston. Journal of the American Medical Association 2016; January 20th.
  12.  Nine out of ten restaurants, whether they are fast-food, casual, or formal dining, American, Chinese, Greek, Indian, Italian, Japanese, Mexican or other, serve meals that exceed recommended calorie limits for a single meal and it is impossible to make an educated guess on the calories since many are hidden calories, state researchers at Tufts University in Boston. Journal of the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2016; January 20th.
  13.  A study from Cardiff University in Wales found that children who ate a healthy breakfast were up to two-times as likely to achieve at least average grades compared to those who skipped breakfast. Public Health Nutrition 2015; December 18th.
  14.  A diet high in saturated fat from meat, fatty dairy products, and processed foods, increases the risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, state researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina. Journal of Lipid Research 2016;2015;56:2359.
  15.  A fiber-rich diet not only lowers the risk for diabetes, heart disease, and obesity, but a study from the University of Nebraska Medical Center reports that fiber-rich diet also might lower the risk for lung disease. Annals of the American Thoracic Society 2016; January 22nd.
  16. Seat people at larger tables and serve them smaller portions and they eat less than if they are at a small table. According to researchers at Cornell University who conducted the study, the large table distracted the eaters and they presumed the smaller portions were more regular in size, resulting in reduced calorie consumption.  Journal of the Association for Consumer Research 2016; January 19th.
  17. The high amounts of added sugar in the American diet might increase the risk for breast cancer and metastasis to the lungs, state researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Cancer Research 2016; January 4th.
  18. Women who are obese prior to pregnancy are more likely than healthy weight women to give birth to infants with a high risk for death from preterm birth-related causes, state researchers at Boston University School of Public Health. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2016; January 22nd. 
  19. Supplementation with folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 improved wound healing in diabetic mice, in a study from Nihon University Graduate School of Dentistry. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition 2016; 58:64-68. 
  20. Lycopene, the carotenoid found in watermelon and tomatoes, lowers the risk for premature death and cardiovascular disease in people with lupus erythematosus, according to a study at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha. Journal of Dermatological Treatment 2016; Jan 14: 1-6. 
  21. According to researchers at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, vitamin D levels are low in breastmilk and infants exclusively breast-fed receive less than 20% of the daily recommended dose, suggesting these infants should be supplemented. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016; 103:107-114.

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