Hot Topics – July/August 2014 Issue

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1 A large international study representing numerous universities found that women who consume fish once a week or more during pregnancy are at lowest risk for preterm birth and also are most likely to have babies who weigh more than women who shun seafood. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014;99:506-516.

Including more legumes in the daily diet is a simple diet habit that could help prevent and manage the obesity epidemic and its related risks for heart disease, diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome in this country, state researchers at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. Obesity Reviews 2014;January 17th. 

3 Once again a study, this one from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in Bethesda, found people tend to glorify their foods intakes, reporting they eat much better than they really do. Public Health Nutrition 2014; March 17:1-9. 

A Loyola University study found that about 10% of US children between the ages of 6- and 18-years-old (a population of 5.5 million) are vitamin D insufficient, with levels below 16ng/mL. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism 2014;March 12th. 

5 Increased intake of folic acid and vitamin B6 might lower breast cancer risk in women with a certain genotype, says a study from Xinxiang Medical University in China. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences 2014;30:106-110. 

6 People who consume diets rich in fiber, vitamin B6, vitamin C, magnesium, and selenium have better moods, according to a study from the University of Navorra in Spain. Nutritional Neuroscience 2014; March 17th. 

Vitamin B6 shows promise in lowering colon cancer risk and researchers at Hiroshima University in Japan found the reason might be that this vitamin affects cancer cell gene expression. Oncology Reports 2014 March 11th. 

8 Current heart-healthy dietary recommendations to lower total fat intake, especially saturated and trans fats, while increasing intake of omega-3 fats and monounsaturates in olive oil  are also useful for lowering breast cancer risk, state researchers at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. International Journal of Preventive Medicine 2014;5:6-15.

9 Losing as little as 5% of excess body weight significantly improves sleep habits, including sleep apnea, state researchers at the University of Eastern Finland’s Oivauni Sleep Clinic, in Kuopio. Sleep 2014;February 11th.

10 Researchers at Northwestern University report that the unhealthy behaviors of college students, including binge drinking, lower intake of colorful fruits and vegetables, tobacco use, inactivity, and weight gain increase their risk for cancer and heart disease later in life. Preventive Medicine 2014;May 13th. 

11 Women whose partners have high urinary levels of phthalates, chemicals that make plastics more flexible, take longer to become pregnant than women whose mates have low levels of these plasticizers, state researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Maryland. Fertility & Sterility 2014;February 14th  

12 Less than 4% of children are tested for blood cholesterol levels despite the nation’s pediatric obesity epidemic with children as young as 6-years-old showing signs of adult onset degenerative diseases, state researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital. Journal of the American Medical Association 2014;May 3rd. 

13 The rapid increase in childhood obesity and overweight pregnant women is likely the cause of a 30.5% increase in type 2 diabetes in U.S. children, according to a study from Colorado School of Public Health in Aurora. Journal of the American Medical Association 2014;May 7th. 

14 Overweight children exposed to certain household chemicals, such as perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) used in stain and water repellants for carpets and furniture, might be at higher risk for heart disease and diabetes, say researchers at the University of Southern Denmark. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2014;February 25th. 

15 Here’s one that might surprise you! A study from Cornell University found that when children bite, rather than chew, food (in this case, gnawing on chicken on the bone vs pre-cut, boneless chicken), they exhibit more aggressive behavior after the meal. Eating Behaviors 2014;15:311-313.

16 Diets rich in lycopene, a carotenoid found in tomatoes and watermelon, might lower the risk for ovarian cancer in postmenopausal women, according to a study from Medical College of Soochow University in China. Scientific Reports 2014;4:4885.

17 In a review of the research from DSM Nutritional Products in New Jersey, researchers conclude that the omega-3 fat DHA might help the brain recover from mild traumatic brain injuries, such as concussions. Advances in Nutrition 2014;5:268-277.

18 Easy access to cheap junk food, even when vegetables are available and people exercise, is a major cause of the obesity epidemic. Focusing on reducing calorie intake from sugary beverages and salty snacks would be a better way to reduce obesity rates than attempts to convince Americans to eat more produce, state researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 2014;May 22nd. 

19 Both daily exercise and the omega-3 fats in fatty fish enhance cognition. However, in the absence of exercise, increased intake of the omega-3s, EPA and DHA, compensate by offsetting the deleterious effects of lower physical activity, according to a study from the University of Pittsburgh. Neuropsychologia 2014;May 9th. 

20 Vegetarian diets might be useful for weight management, but typically are low in  zinc, iron, calcium, magnesium, fiber, protein, and vitamins B12, A, C, and E, state researchers at PlantWise Nutrition Consulting LLC in Plainwell, Michigan. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014;May 28th.

HOT TOPICS: Many pregnant and breast-feeding women are deficient in iodine and should take a daily supplement, state researchers at the American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 2014; May 26th. 

There is mounting evidence that supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin D, and possibly other nutrients, could be useful in the treatment of schizophrenia, state researchers at Harvard Medical School in Boston. CNS Drugs 2014;May 21st.

Resveratrol significantly improved glucose control and insulin sensitivity in diabetics, in a study from Chongqing Medical Nutrition Research Center in China. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014;99:1510-1519. 

HOTTOPICS:Adding oat bran to breakfast foods, including juice and biscuits, improves feelings of satiety, which aids in weight management, according to a study from University of Eastern Finland. Appetite 2014;75:150-156.

Low folic acid status could be the reason for DNA damage associated with cleft palate and cleft lip, state researchers at Jawaharial Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research in India. Clinics and Practice 2014;4:608.

While the omega-3 fats, EPA and DHA, show promise in enhancing brain function and mood, a study from Harvard University found no evidence that these fats lowered the risk of completed suicide. American Journal of Epidemiology 2014;May 8th.

HOTTOPIC:Vitamin D supplements might have little or no effect on controlling asthma, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.  Journal of the American Medical Association 2014;May 18th.

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