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  1. Researchers at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine report that diets high in lycopene and beta cryptoxanthin protect against aggressive prostate cancer in African Americans and European Americans. Prostate 2016; June 8th.
  2. High-fat, high-cholesterol diets increase the risk for dementia and raise markers for Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study on animals from the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston. Behavioral Brain Research 2016; June 22nd.
  3. A woman’s risk for breast, endometrial, colon and kidney cancers rises 10% for every 10 years she is overweight, according to a study from the International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon, France. PLOS Medicine 2016; August 16th.
  4. The DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension), which is rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat milk products and low in salt and saturated fat, lowers uric acid levels, thus reducing the risk for gout, according to a study from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore. Arthritis and Rheumatology 2016; August 15th.
  5. Unlike other commercials, TV ads for food stimulate reward and value centers in the brains of children and increase the chances for them to make faster, more impulsive decisions about food choices, according to a study from the University of Kansas. Journal of Pediatrics 2016; August 16th.
  6. Lifestyle choices are more important than genes when it comes to risk for diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and some cancers and neurological disorders, according to a study from the University of Edinburgh. Nature Genetics 2016; July 28th.
  7. Learning new things (intellectual activity) and stretching-toning physical activity were associated with reduced dementia and improved cognition after stroke, according to a study from The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China. PLoS One 2016;July 25th.
  8. Here is a curious twist. Instead of increasing the risk, high sodium intake appears to lower the risk for migraine headaches, according to a study from Huntington Medical Research Institute in Pasadena, California. Headache 2016;August 15th.
  9. Women who consume diets rich in beta carotene, vitamin C, and zinc are at lower risk for osteoporosis, according to a study from Chung-Ang University Hospital in Seoul. Journal of International Medical Research 2016;September 23rd.
  10. Coffee cravings might be genetically programmed, according to a study from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland where researchers found that a gene variant, called PDSS2, allows caffeine to remain in the system longer. People with this variant need less coffee to stay alert compared to those without the gene. Scientific Reports 2016; August 25th.
  11. Eating red meat increases the risk for kidney failure, state researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore. However, trading even one serving of red meat a day for another protein can reduce the risk. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2016; July 14th.
  12. Overweight women who lose weight reduce their risks for developing cancer, and the more weight they lose, the lower their risk, according to a study from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. Cancer Research 2016; July 15th.
  13. Chronic fatigue syndrome might be, at least in part, a result of altered gut bacteria, with less diversity and different types of bacteria compared to people without the disorder, state researchers at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Microbiome 2016; July 15th.
  14. Women who are overweight are more likely to battle menopausal hot flashes earlier and that last longer compared to women who maintain more desirable weights, state researchers at the University of Pittsburgh. Menopause 2016; July 22nd.
  15. Even moderate exercise, such as walking briskly, bicycling slower than 10 miles an hour, ballroom dancing, or gardening, is enough to lower the risk of developing dementia, state researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles. Journal of Gerontology 2016; August 26th.
  16. Diets that contain more water, whether from a glass or from fruits and vegetables, is associated with lower body weight, according to a study from the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor. Annals of Family Medicine 2016; July 12th.
  17. Children and teens should consume no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar a day, according to new guidelines set by the American Heart Association. Circulation 2016; August 22nd.
  18. The typical “business” lunch or dinner, heavy on red meats, sweet drinks, processed snacks, and alcohol, raises heart disease risk, according to a study from the Mount Sinai Heart Center in New York City. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2016; August 15th.
  19. Homes designed with open area floor plans remove visual and physical barriers to food and may increase overeating, according to a study from the University of Notre Dame. Environment and Behavior 2016; September 22nd.
  20. Older people who drink too much, may have a higher risk for cognitive decline, according to a study from the University of Florida. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2016; September 22nd.
  21. Americans gain weight between Thanksgiving and New Years. We are not alone. According to researchers at Tampere University of Technology in Finland, people in developed countries around the world, from Germany to Japan, gain weight during their holidays. New England Journal of Medicine 2016;September 21st.
  22. Garlic breath? Chew on a raw apple, lettuce, or mint leaves and it will cut the smell by half or more, according to researchers at Ohio State University. The Journal of Food Science 2016; September 23rd.
  23. The number of Americans following a gluten-free diet tripled between 2009 and 2014, yet the diagnoses of celiac disease remained stable during the same time period, according to researchers at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School in Newark. In short, unless you have been diagnosed with celiac disease by an M.D., eating gluten-free is following a fad, not a necessary diet plan. JAMA Internal Medicine 2016; September 6th.
  24. Skip the 5-second rule. Germs contaminate a food dropped on the floor within less than one second, according to a study from the University of New Brunswick in New Jersey. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 2016; September 15th.
  25. Adding an ounce of nuts to the diet several times a week helps lower chronic inflammation associated with many age-related diseases, according to a study from Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016;104:722-728.
  26. Researchers at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in Greece report there is strengthening evidence that proper nutrition can not only change epigenetic biomarker levels, but also prevent the development of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease and curb cognitive decline. Advances in Nutrition 2016; 7:917-927.
  27. Researchers at St. Louis University in Missouri report that middle-age people get about the same benefits for their hearts with either diet or exercise as long as they lose weight, although the combination of the two is the best. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016; September 15th.
  28. Men who consume diets rich in fruits that contain anthocyanins and flavonones, including berries, watermelon, and peaches, have a lower risk of nonfatal heart attacks and stroke, according to a study from the University of East Anglia, UK. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016; 104:587-594.
  29. Women who enter pregnancy already overweight have an increased risk for having a baby with cerebral palsy, according to a study from the University of Bergen in Norway. Pediatrics 2016; September 8th.
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