Hot Topics: May 2015

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nutrition_facts1 Sugar is sugar, but high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is even worse than most, according to a study from the University of Utah where researchers found that HFCS, compared to regular table sugar, increased death rates and reduced fertility in animals. Journal of Nutrition 2015;March 1st.

2 The more time children spend in front of computer or TV screens, the lower the nutritional quality of their diets and the fewer colorful fruits and vegetables they eat, according to a study from Harvard School of Public Health. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014;100:1173-1181.

3 Eating a plant-based diet and limiting alcohol to one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men might lower risk for cancers of the breast, prostate, and colon, state researchers at New York University. Cancer Causes & Control 2015;January 6th.

4 Adding an avocado to a moderate-fat, cholesterol-lowering diet further reduced LDL cholesterol and might be beneficial in lowering heart disease risk factors, according to a study from Pennsylvania State University. Journal of the American Heart Association 2015;January 7th.

5 Adding just one Brazil nut to the daily diet – a good source of the antioxidant mineral selenium – improved selenium status and cognition in a group of 31 seniors, in a study from University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. European Journal of Nutrition 2015;January 8th.

6 Sulforaphane, a phytonutrient in broccoli, might be more than just an cancer-preventive agent. It also is a therapeutic compound that fights advanced prostate cancer, according to researchers at Oregon State University. Oncogenesis 2014;December 8th.

7 People who use artificial sweeteners also have healthier diets, consume fewer empty calories, smoke less, and are more active than people who don’t use these sweeteners, according to a study from the University of Washington. Nutrients 2014;6:4389-4403.

8 The omega-3s in seafood, DHA and EPA, are essential for brain, heart, and eye health, but a study from the University of Michigan found that the mercury in some seafood may be linked to autoimmune disorders among women of childbearing age, suggesting that supplements might be a safer place to get your omega-3s. Environmental Health Perspectives 2015;February 10th. 

9 Vitamin C is important for protecting brain tissue from oxidative damage associated with cognitive decline and possibly even Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study from the University of Cologne, Germany. Journal of Neural Transmission 2015;January 14th.

10 Regular exercise increases the size of brain regions that contribute to balance and coordination, state researchers at the University of Jyvaskyla in Finland. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 2015; March 5th.

11 Compared to formula-fed infants, breast-fed babies are smarter and show improved performance in intelligence tests later in life, which results in being better educated and financially better off, according to a study from the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil. Lancet Global Health 2015;3:e199-e205.

12 Researchers at Queen’s University in Belfast report that carotenoid-rich foods are essential for health, stating that the lycopene in watermelon lowers prostate cancer risk and the lutein and zeaxanthin in greens are essential for vision, and possibly brain health. Maturitas 2015;80:63-68.

13 Medications , such as thiazolidinediones or TZDs, used to treat people with type 2 diabetes stimulate sensors in the brain that increase hunger, leading to weight gain and a greater risk for diabetes, according to a study from Georgia State University. Journal of Neuroscience 2015;35:4571.

14 In a study from the University of Kansas Medical Center, women averaged only 80 milligrams a day of a combination of the omega-3 fats DHA and EPA, and those with the lowest omega-3 intake and/or the lowest ratio of omega-3s to omega-6 fats had the highest risk for abnormal cell growth associated with breast cancer risk. Cancer Prevention Research 2015;February 23rd.

15 Middle-aged men who are fit are less likely than their sedentary peers to develop lung or colon cancer later in life, and if they do they are more likely to beat it, according to a study from the University of Vermont. JAMA Oncology 2015; March 26th.

16 Chemicals, called dioxins, typically found in meat and dairy products, did not appear to contribute to breast cancer in a study from Leon Berard Cancer Center in Lyon, France. Breast Cancer Research 2015; March 17th.

17 Vegetarian diets lower colon cancer risk by 20%, while vegetarians who include fatty fish in their diets have an even lower cancer risk, according to a study from Loma Linda University in California. JAMA Internal Medicine 2015; March 9th.

18Women who drank four cups of coffee a day had an 18% lower risk of endometrial cancer compared to women who drank one cup or less, in a study from Imperial College London, U.K. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2015; February 6th.

19 Women, and to a lesser extent men, who were overweight as children or as adolescents are at higher risk for developing colorectal cancer, regardless of whether or not they remain overweight as adults, according to a study from Harvard Medical School. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2015; March 16th.

20 Women aged 40-years-old and older who supplement with oral Aloe vera gel powder containing at least 40 micrograms of sterols showed improved collagen and hyaluronic acid production in skin and reduced facial wrinkles, in a study from the Food Science and Technology Institute in Kanagawa, Japan. Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigative Dermatology 2015;8:95-104.

21  People who increased their fiber intake to at least 30 grams a day by eating more vegetables, fruit, and whole grains showed drops in blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and lost some weight without making any other dietary changes, in a study from the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester. Annals of Internal Medicine 2015; February 16th.

22  A compound in the spice cinnamon, called cinnamic acid, improves glucose tolerance and stimulates insulin secretion, according to a study from the University of Karachi in Pakistan. Phytomedicine 2015;22:297-300.

23  Children allowed to take sips of their parents’ wine now and then are more likely than their peers to start drinking by high school, according to a study from the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 2015; March 31st.

24  Health claims on labels of vitamin waters and energy drinks are bogus at best, according to a study from the University of Toronto. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 2015;January 12:1-8. 

25  Parents of overweight children don’t realize their kids have a weight problem unless the child is extremely obese, say researchers at London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. British Journal of General Practice 2015; April 1st.

26  As blood levels of trans fatty acids increased, so did the risk for diabetes in a study from Harvard School of Public Health. Diabetes Care 2015; March 17th.

27  Decreasing daily sodium intake to <2,300 milligrams a day lowered all-cause mortality, whereas increasing intake to >2,300 milligrams a day increased cardiovascular disease, in a study from University Hospital of Saint Joan de Reus in Spain. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015;101:440-448.

28  Salty diets damage blood vessels even when they don’t raise blood pressure, state researchers at the University of Delaware. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2015; March 13th.

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